The physics of all threaded fasteners are the same. As the bolt and nut are turned, the spiral threads convert rotational force into a linear force that creates clamping loads. When a threaded fastener is tightened, it stretches. Since metal is elastic, even greater clamping loads are generated. The threads also generate friction that keeps the assembly together. This especially applies to wheel bearings and axle nuts.
Composite rotors have two advantages over a fully cast rotor.
Sometimes the word “flush” has different meanings. For power steering, fluid exchange is a better description.
The only way to diagnose the sensor and circuit is with a scan tool or scope.
The gold standard of brake noise testing is the Society of Automotive Engineers J2521. Sponsored by Akebono Brakes.
Replacing rear wheel bearings on a live axle rear suspension requires a few extra steps when compared to a unitized bearing.
There are engineering differences between race car and production vehicle brake systems. Sponsored by Akebono Brakes.
This applies to vehicles equipped with Brembo 6-Pot Fixed Caliper Brakes or High Performance Brakes.