1. CHECK THE RECOMMENDED TORQUE PROCEDURES AND SPECIFICATIONS
It is nearly impossible to give a general torque specification or range for a wheel bearing axle nut. There can be significant differences, depending on bearing type and housing. Always check the service information for the correct procedure.
Hub units can require many steps to set the final torque of the axle nut. On some hub units with factory-set preload, the axle nut might only secure the stub axle in the bore. On other hub units, the final adjustment is setting the load paths for the races and rolling elements. The torque specifications depend on the size of the bearings, the diameter of the axle and many other factors like the style of axle nut.
Here are the 10 commandments of a catalytic converter replacement handed down from the EPA.
An oxygen sensor code related to the heater circuit can be difficult to cure.
When an oxygen sensor is poisoned, it loses its ability to measure the oxygen content in the exhaust.
When you think about the braking system of a vehicle, you probably think about the major parts you see when removing the wheel: brake pads, rotors, calipers and maybe hydraulics. However, one of the most important parts of the system isn’t visible: brake fluid. Brake fluid comes in several formulations for different applications and plays
Caliper replacement may be necessary in high-mileage vehicles because of fluid leaks or because the calipers are sticking.