1. CHECK THE RECOMMENDED TORQUE PROCEDURES AND SPECIFICATIONS
It is nearly impossible to give a general torque specification or range for a wheel bearing axle nut. There can be significant differences, depending on bearing type and housing. Always check the service information for the correct procedure.
Hub units can require many steps to set the final torque of the axle nut. On some hub units with factory-set preload, the axle nut might only secure the stub axle in the bore. On other hub units, the final adjustment is setting the load paths for the races and rolling elements. The torque specifications depend on the size of the bearings, the diameter of the axle and many other factors like the style of axle nut.
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