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Pop-Up Training

In the 1960s, technicians did not have the online training or even VHS cassettes. Much of the learning was received on-the-job or through books. Many books were published by parts manufacturers as a way to build their brand with shops. This book from Dana was one of the best for front end technicians. 

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This training manual uses cardboard pop ups of suspensions to show how alignment angles change relative to the body and chassis. The author, Loyd O. McAfee,  received a patent in 1979 for a Vehicle Steering Knuckle Arm Angle Compensator – specifically, a universal component for altering the angle relative to its associated wheel spindle.

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