Ford Fusion Alignment Spec (2005-‘13)

Ford Fusion Alignment Spec (2005-‘13)

2006 Ford Fusion

Millions of Ford ­Fusions were sold in the U.S. between 2005 and 2013. When it comes to alignments, it is critical to diagnose the customer first, to find out if their Fusion drifts or pulls, and then to check all of the possibilities for the complaint before throwing it on the alignment rack.

Front Suspension

The front suspension’s only built-in adjustment is for toe. To add camber adjustability, an aftermarket offset upper ball joint can be installed that can alter camber by ±1.5º.

Caster can only be adjusted by installing special upper control arms. To check the caster, raise and support the vehicle completely by the frame. This will allow the suspension and wheels to hang in the full rebound position and will provide a more accurate caster reading.

Ford has released four different control arm part numbers (two for each side) that alter the caster by ±0.4º depending on the control arm ordered. This is not a “standard adjustment,” but should be used as a last resort if the vehicle can’t be brought within specifications.

While in the area, it is a good idea to check the steering gear housing/inner tie rod for signs of wear or cuts that may have allowed water and dirt into the gear assembly. Replacement of the electronic power assist steering gear assembly might be necessary if damage is found.

Rear Suspension

The rear suspension is adjustable without any parts or kits. The toe is adjustable using a toe link; camber is adjustable by an eccentric bolt in the lower control arm.

Like all Ford vehicles with the blade-style upper control arms, the Fusion is sensitive to bushing wear in the lower links. If you see a Fusion with inner edge tire wear and negative toe, check all the bushings in the rear.

2006 Ford Fusion Front Suspension, LinkageDTCs P07AE, U0415

According to TSB 11-11-03 released by Ford, Fusions built between Feb. 1, 2011, and Aug. 16, 2011, can experience a severe amount of friction in the front lower control arms that can affect the camber and caster. A sensor in the steering system (known as an abstract steering system) will detect an acoustic vibration and generate a signal. A traction control light or steering fault may illuminate on the instrument cluster accompanied by P07AE and U045 trouble codes.

Lower Control Arm Installation

The vehicle must be in neutral and on a lift while being completely supported by its frame, allowing the wheels to hang in the full rebound position. Support the front wheel knuckle at the rear lower ball joint using a jack. In this position, you can remove the front lower arm-to-sub frame bolt, fork-to-lower arm bolt flag nut and lower ball joint nut.

The last step before replacement is to separate the front lower ball joint from the wheel knuckle. Before attempting this, place a separating item between the lower arm and outer CV joint in order to prevent the lower arm from striking the CV joint boot when free. Use a ball joint separator to do the job right, and some light tapping of the wheel knuckle might be necessary.

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Alignments are key to the health of the tires and some of the advanced safety systems like automatic emergency braking and lane keeping.

The 2012-2022 Buick Encore is based on the Gamma II platform that is shared with the Chevy Trax. This has been the best-selling Buick for several years. Like a lot of modern vehicles, the alignment specs are tight with almost no adjustments built in except for toe. However, alignments are key to the health of the tires and some of the advanced safety systems like automatic emergency braking and lane keeping.
Front Suspension
The front suspension on the Encore has a single lower control arm and MacPherson struts. Some models have a suspension dampener on the front bolt of the lower control arm. The part helps to control vibration that could be transmitted to the subframe. If the caster is out of specification, look at the bushings on the lower control arm for damage. Camber can be adjusted by installing cam bolts in the lower hole of the strut mount. This should give ±1.75 degrees of adjustability. Inspection of the lower control arm is a critical part of aligning the Encore. The arm can be bent due to curb strikes and the bushings can quickly deteriorate. Also, inspect the sway bar links for any signs the ends have play.
Rear Suspension
The Encore comes in front-wheel-drive and all-wheel-drive versions. Both versions use a trailing arm beam axle. The camber and toe for the front-wheel-drive version can be adjusted with shims. Unfortunately, there are no adjustments for the all-wheel-drive version. If camber or toe are out of specification in the rear, look for a damaged wheel. If the thrust angle is out of specifications, inspect the trailing arm bushings.

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