2019 Editions Archives - Brake & Front End
Simplifying AWD Systems

No matter the manufacturer, there is almost always an all-wheel drive (AWD) option.

Drivetrain: Diagnostic Test Drive

Problems can be spotted from the moment you put the vehicle in gear.

Catalytic Converters: Efficiency Code Diagnostics

Understanding catalytic converter efficiency codes can be a long road to a happy customer or an expensive comeback.

Tech Tip: Rear Axle Load Valve Causes Low Pedal

The mechanical linkage and the valve cause problems on some trucks by leaking and increasing braking distances. The main culprits are rust and corrosion.

Akebono Tech Tip: Brake Pad Efficiency

This stop-and-go process, sometimes called “burnishing,” alters and usually increases the coefficient of friction between the rotor and pad to ensure stable braking power.

Recognizing Steering System And Chassis Damage Patterns

If these components are damaged, the person steering needs to expect the handling of their vehicle to become critical.

How Does Lubrication Impact Bearing Functionality?

Contaminants such as water, salt and organic debris can cause wheel bearings to corrode and fail over time.

Ford Transit Alignment Spec

The Transit comes in 150, 250 and 350 sub-models. There is also a model with a dually rear axle.

Brake Maintenance: Dodge/Mercedes-Benz/Freightliner Sprinter Van

There are two generations of the Sprinter. The 2000-2006 models comprised the first generation of the vehicle and in 2007, Dodge redesigned the Sprinter. Both generations have similar caliper setups, with the front brakes featuring dual piston floating calipers.

Torque Converter Logic

If the clutch is not operating properly, it can cause harsh shifts and slip in the transmission.

Complete Wheel Bearing Service

The first step, and probably the most important, is inspection of the corner of the vehicle.

Understanding ABS Module Logic

ABS is the foundation of the ESC system. The ABS modulator also performs electronic brake distribution (EBD).