AfterMarketNews Auto Care Pro AutoProJobs Auto-Video.com Brake&Frontend BodyShopBusiness Counterman EngineBuilder Fleet Equipment ImportCar Motorcycle & Powersports News Servicio Automotriz Shop Owner Tire Review Tech Shop Tomorrow's Tech Underhood Service

ASE G1: Drive Belt Inspection, Replacement

The ASE G1 Certification test contains 55 scored questions, plus 10 unscored ­research questions, that cover a range of skills and knowledge related to maintenance and light repairs in engine systems, automatic transmission/transaxle, manual drivetrain...

Read more...

Amateurs and Hacks Provide Job Security For Automotive Service Professionals

Two cars pull up in front of my shop. The drivers didn’t come in, but I heard the commotion from my office window. The boyfriend opens the hood of his girlfriend’s car. They both stare at the engine; she tells the boyfriend that she was supposed...

Read more...

ASE A5: Brake Fluid and Bleeding Sequence

The ASE A5 Test includes a portion on brake fluid, bleeding, flushing and leak testing. You must know how to: • Diagnose poor stopping, pulling, dragging, or incorrect pedal travel caused by problems in the brake fluid; determine needed repairs. •...

Read more...

Intermittent Engine Misfire Analysis

Even for an experienced diagnostic technician, ­attempting to diagnose an intermittent misfire ­condition that occurs only under specific driving conditions can be a frustrating exercise. Let’s begin by getting the basics out of the way. As we know,...

Read more...

Honda: Easy Fix for Engine Noise

We often encounter engines that have a cold-start knock or ticking noise. In this case, the 3.5-L V6 engines installed in various Honda models can make a knocking or ticking noise at idle and only when warm. The cause of the problem is that the rocker...

Read more...

Toyota: Rough idle, surging between 500 to 800 RPM

Model: 2005 Toyota Avalon and some models with similar system configurations, such as 2006 Camry models. Condition: The customer ­complains that the check engine light is on, rough idle and engine idle surging between 500 and 800 rpm. The technician...

Read more...

5 Tool Storage Tips

  As a technician, you likely own thousands of dollars worth of tools and equipment, and require tool storage capacity to hold them all, along with carts and accessories to help move those tools around your work area. Here are a few items...

Read more...

Streamlight Donates $75,000 To The Breast Cancer Research Foundation

Streamlight Inc. recently contributed more than $75,000 to The Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF), a not-for-profit organization with a mission to achieve prevention of and a cure for breast cancer. Since 2010, Streamlight has donated $525,000 to...

Read more...

AVI Announces New Live Stream 8 (LS-8) Webcast Event

On Wednesday, Oct. 8, 2014, at 6 p.m. analytical expert Ron Bilyeu will be teaching a free live, online course called “Computer Engine Data – Make Testing Quicker.”   In this webcast, Ron Bilyeu will take online attendees through the...

Read more...

Improving the Head Gaskets, Fasteners Relationship

The relationship between head gaskets and head bolts is an intimate one. The clamping load applied by the head bolts is what allows the head gasket to maintain its seal. For this marriage to last, there has to be constant tension – not too much,...

Read more...

Top Ten Fuel Pump Fails

10. Strainer Blocks Fuel-Level Sender A fuel pump inlet strainer may be installed that is interfering with the travel of the fuel-level sensor’s float arm, which causes an optimistic fuel level reading. Dented fuel tanks may also cause a false reading...

Read more...

Automatic Belt Tensioners Are More Than Just Springs

A worn automatic belt tensioner has consequences beyond a loose belt. When an automatic belt tensioner wears down, the belt and attached accessories will start to take an extra pounding because the tensioner can no longer dampen the power pulses of...

Read more...

Home Chassis Suspension & Alignment Specs: Greatest Hits!

Print Print Email Email

The most difficult issue with some alignments is knowing what you are getting into before you start or your shop even quotes the job. For almost two years, Hunter Engineering has been sponsoring BRAKE & FRONT END’s Suspension & Alignment Specs where Editor Andrew Markel examines a common vehicle platform to figure out what are the service issues and how to make the adjustments.
Below are some of the top tips from the articles that can help you know what you are getting into even before the vehicle is pulled into the bay. If you are a service writer, these tips can help you sell more up front, so you do not have to make repeated phone calls to the customer for additional approvals.


2002-2006 Toyota Camry
July 2010, page 22

Replacement control arms are readily available for this vehicle do not hesitate selling them. Pay attention to the included angle or SAI. This diagnostic angle can help you determine if the control arm or knuckle has been damaged. The only significant TSBs listed for suspension system concerns noise coming from the upper strut mounts in the front and rear on 2002-2006 models.

2005-2010 Chevy Cobalt & Pontiac G5
July 2011, page 28

The rear suspension angles can be adjusted with the installation of a shim that is placed between the rear hub and axle mounting plate. A shim should be able to change toe or camber 1 to 1.5 degrees. It has been reported that on some rear disc brake vehicles, the introduction of a shim may cause the caliper to bind or the rotor to strike the caliper bracket.

 

 

 

 

1999-2005 Hyundai Sonata
March 2011, page 18

One of the most common failures on the Sonata are the rear springs. Make sure to check for cracked or broken coils at the top or bottom of the spring. If a rear spring is broken or weak, it can cause increased negative camber and the toe to be out of specification.

 

 

 

2005-2010 Ford Mustang
February 2011, page 14

The front lower control arms also use a “Hydro” or hydraulic rubber bushing in the rear mount. Also, bushings in the front control arms can change the camber and caster by ± 1.0º or more if they are worn. Visually inspect the bushing looking for any cracks or separation of the rubber from the shaft and shells.

 

2001-2009 Toyota Prius
April 2011, page 16

Most Prii came with HID headlights. This system has an sensor with an arm connected to the rear  axle that determines the angle of the headlights so that other drivers are not blinded. The linkage can become damaged due to road debris. Also, make sure the ride height is inspected.


2005-2011 Chevrolet Equinox
May 2011, page 20

The rear cams can have significant “cross talk,” so always recheck both camber and toe angles after any adjustment of either cam.

2007-2011 GM Lambda Full-Sized SUVs
December 2010, page 20

The lower ball joints and tie-rods require final tightening with a torque angle gauge. On the lower ball joints, tighten the mounting nut to 30 ft/lbs plus 120 degrees. It is almost impossible to get a socket and torque angle gauge over the nut and stud, but it can be done with a combination wrench and Allen wrench. Just remember, 120 degrees equals approximately two wrench flats. For tie-rod studs, tighten the nut to 22 ft/lbs and 120 degrees.

2006-2010 Chevrolet Impala
May 2010, page 18

Adjusting the camber requires some extra work. GM did not elongate the lower bolt holes that attach the strut to the knuckle on some vehicles or build adjustability into the upper strut mount. The 2010 documentation shows movement without requiring slotting.

Before performing the alignment, inspect any vehicle to find out if the alignment angles are adjustable or require extra parts, special procedures or kits.

2006-2010 Ford Fusion
February 2010, page 10

Be aware, to adjust the camber or caster in the front requires replacement of the upper ball joint with an aftermarket adjustable unit. Also, the caster can be adjusted with new upper “plus or minus” control arms from Ford.

 

 

 

 

 


2007-2010 Dodge Caliber
March 2010, page 20

Caster and camber are not adjustable angles with conventional methods. Chrysler recommends shifting the cradle to adjust the camber and caster. Camber is adjustable with a lower bolt kit for the strut. The kit will only give ±1º of camber. Aftermarket camber adjustment bolts are also available from various manufacturers.

 

 

 

 

2002-2010 Jeep Liberty
September 2010, page 22

On 2008-2010 KK models, the front knuckles are aluminum and the ball joints and tie-rod ends need to be torqued and turned an additional 90 degrees. The upper ball joint and tie-rod have a torque spec of 30 ft/lbs. Lower ball joints have a torque spec of 40 ft/lbs. Failure to follow the proper torque procedure will result in damage to the knuckle.

2003-2007 Cadillac CTS
January 2010, page 16

The CTS for years 2003-2007 came with two suspension packages­ – standard and sport. The packages have two different alignment specifications. The RPO codes for these packages can be found on the underside of the spare tire cover. Or, you can check the tire inflation sticker on the driver’s side door pillar for the original tire size. The standard or base model came with 16-inch tires; this is designated as RPO package FE1. But, 17-inch wheels were optional on some 2006-2007 FE1- equipped CTS models. These wheels were dealer installed options.

1997-2004 Chevrolet Corvette August 2010, page 20
Driving the C5 Corvette onto a drive-on lift that is not set up to handle low-slung cars can be difficult. This is one car that may make you realize the limitations of your lift; take your time.

The biggest problem in aligning a C5 Corvette is the owner in some cases. I hate to stereotype Corvette owners, but some the owners are suckers for some of the worse “bolt-on” modifications and advice ever created. But, they are also some of the best informed and enthusiastic  customers in the world. Ask them what they have put on the vehicle and what their expectations are from any alignment. n

The following two tabs change content below.

Andrew Markel

Andrew Markel is an ASE Certified Technician and former service writer, and he brings this practical knowledge to the Brake & Front End team as editor.
  • daniel

    alignment specs for 2002 pontiac sunfire

Latest articles from our other sites:

AAPEX 2014 Mobile App Helps Attendees Navigate Show Floor

The Automotive Aftermarket Products Expo (AAPEX) 2014 Mobile App includes new content and many features to help attendees get ready for the event when on the go and also easily navigate the show floor...More

PaceSetter Performance Products Offers Direct-Fit Catalytic Converter For 1996-'99 Dodge Ram 1500, 2500, 3500 Standard Duty, 3.9/5.2/5.9L Engine

PaceSetter Performance Products, designers and manufacturers of quality-made, affordably-priced exhaust systems and components, now offers a direct-fit catalytic converter for the 96-99 Dodge Ram 1500,...More

Hyundai: Power Steering Oil Pump Whine

Before replacing a power steering oil pump for a whine noise condition, check the oil pump reservoir filter screen for contamination. If the filter screen at the bottom of the oil pump reservoir is clogged,...More

Intermittent Engine Misfire Analysis

Even for an experienced diagnostic technician, ­attempting to diagnose an intermittent misfire ­condition that occurs only under specific driving conditions can be a frustrating exercise. Let’s begin...More

Newly Redesigned Forward Lift CR14 Four-Post Lift Features Higher Rise, Longer Platforms And Greater Durability

Forward Lift has made several upgrades to its 14,000-lb. capacity CR14 four-post lift to improve operator ergonomics and lift durability. The improvements add rise height and include new lifting components...More

Actron Video Inspection Scope Provides Remote Views of Hard-to-Reach Areas

Actron has added a Video Inspection Scope, P/N CP7669, to its catalog of DIY service tools, allowing remote viewing of hard-to-reach areas of a vehicle via a 3-ft. flexible, waterproof tube and 2.4-in....More

Improving the Head Gaskets, Fasteners Relationship

The relationship between head gaskets and head bolts is an intimate one. The clamping load applied by the head bolts is what allows the head gasket to maintain its seal. For this marriage to last,...More

Top Ten Fuel Pump Fails

10. Strainer Blocks Fuel-Level Sender A fuel pump inlet strainer may be installed that is interfering with the travel of the fuel-level sensor’s float arm, which causes an optimistic fuel level reading....More