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Woman's Tough Road Leads To Ownership Of Triangle Tires

Women auto shop owners aren’t rare anymore, but the story of Gina Paschall, owner of Triangle Tires in North Carolina, is definitely unique. According to The News & Observer in Raleigh, NC, Paschall, now 51, became a ward of the state at 5 years...

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Google Your Shop - What Do You See?

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Tennessee Shop Offers Discounts To Customers In Need

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Hyundai: P0715 Code Leads to Replaced Transmission Speed Sensor

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Vehicle Unit Increase; Import-Rich VIO Are A Boon for Import Specialists

Need a dose of good news for your business? Then hear this: The influx of new vehicles in the market will lay the foundation for bountiful aftermarket service and repair opportunities. And, with import vehicle sales continuing an ­upward climb, there...

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Honda: Engine Shuts Off, But Power Mode Stays In ‘On’ or ‘Accessory’

Applies To: Honda Insight models with one-push start Customers might complain that when they shift into park and shut off the engine, that the power mode stays in On or Accessory. Honda says the culprit could be a misadjusted shift cable. If the...

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The Equipment And Tool Institute Reports Record High Membership Level

The Equipment and Tool Institute is starting off 2015 strongly with a record high membership statistic of 100 Members comprised of 88 Full Members and 12 Associate Members. ETI’s reputation in the automotive aftermarket tool and equipment segment...

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Modern Fuel Control Diagnostics: Sorting Through the Datastream

When confronted with a fuel control problem on a modern vehicle, contributing writer Gary Goms normally uses short- and long-term fuel trims to determine if the problem is caused by one of many failures such as a vacuum leak or a leaking fuel pressure...

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Hunter Releases New Technical and Training-Specific Channel on YouTube

Hunter Engineering Company has launched a new technical and training channel on YouTube, called the Hunter Learning Channel. The Hunter Learning Channel features extensive training video playlists for every product category manufactured by Hunter....

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Remember the Filters During an AutomaticTransmission Fluid Evacuation Service

Fluid evacuation systems in the automatic transmission service industry are commonly being used in lieu of traditional transmission service methods. The use of this method to replace the transmission fluid is a clean, efficient and safe way to remove...

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Oldsmobile: Engine Overheats, Replaced Engine Coolant Thermostat

Model: 2003 Oldsmobile Alero Complaint The customer states the engine is overheating. Sometimes DTC P0125 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Insufficient for Closed Loop Fuel Control will be present. Cause Observed the engine coolant temperature...

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Avoid Alternator Returns, Make Peace With Your Parts Suppliers

If the charging voltage is low, or the alternator isn’t putting out enough current to keep up with the electrical loads that are placed upon it, don’t automatically assume the starter or alternator is bad and needs to be replaced (unless you’re...

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Home Brake Job Performing a Brake Job on a 2002-2009 Chevrolet Trailblazer

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The Chevrolet Trailblazer is based on the GMT 360. The brake system on the Trailblazer is not groundbreaking by any means, but there are some intricacies technicians should be aware  of on this common platform.

Fronts
The front brakes utilize dual piston calipers with phenolic pistons. The most important thing to remember when replacing the pads on this vehicle is to replace the hardware.

The most critical hardware item is the pad retention clip inside the caliper’s bridge. This clip applies force to the pads and keeps them snug in the bracket. This piece of hardware loses its spring tension due to heat and vibration. This clip comes in most hardware kits along with abutment clips. Some pad manufacturers package it with the pad set.

Do not use cheap pads. The Trailblazer is a heavy vehicle and uses a very aggressive pad compound. I recently had the honor of installing a cheap set supplied by a customer and after three stops to burnish the pads, the front brakes were smoking and I had a longer than normal pedal.

Most inexpensive pad sets will not package the abutment clips and pad retention clips with the pads. Also, less expensive pads will make you install the wear indicators. Most high-quality pads have the wear indicators installed and the hardware in the box.

Always take time to clean and measure runout in the hub flange and when the rotor is installed. Pulsation problems can occur even if new rotors are installed. Maximum lateral runout is .002” and disc thickness variation is .001”.

When using lubricants, do not coat the entire backing plate. Instead, coat just the insides fingers of the calipers, abutment clips and the surfaces of the pad retention clip that make contact with the pad. Do not lubricate the pistons or the backing plate of the inboard pad. The lubricant could adhere to the rubber boots of the pistons and cause debris to stick to the surface and cause the boot to deteriorate due to chemical interaction or dust sticking and abrading the boot.

Rear
The rear brakes use a single piston caliper with the parking/emergency brake in the hat.
Pad replacement is straight forward. Rotor replacement can be difficult and may require the a slide hammer with a right attachments.

When the rotor is off, inspect the parking brake shoe and the clips that hold it to the backing plate. The components should be cleaned and the shoe should be inspected for any signs of the friction material delaminating or cracking.

Parking Brake Adjustment
The Trailblazer is equipped with a self-adjusting parking brake mechanism designed to take up the slack in the cables. To perform a final adjustment, the shoe can be adjusted at the actuator via an adjusting nut. The clearance between the rear park brake shoe lining and the rotor should be 0.25 mm (0.010 in).

If you have to replace the cables or actuators, you have to disable the self-adjusting mechanism.

1. Place the park brake lever in the full release position.

2. Raise and suitably support the vehicle.

3. Pull the park brake cable equalizer toward the rear of the vehicle and place a locking pliers with protected jaws on the cable to hold the cable in an extended position.

4. Lower the vehicle.

5. Rotate the self-adjust clip into the lock position with a flat-bladed tool.

6. Raise the vehicle.

7. Remove the locking pliers from the park brake cable.

8. Lower the vehicle.

9. Partially raise the park brake lever, stopping prior to the self-adjust clip (1) activating on the mount bracket tab.

10. Insert a flat-bladed tool behind the self-adjust clip and twist the tool 90 degrees to raise the self-adjust clip over the mount bracket tab.

11. Raise the handle until it is fully applied and remove the screwdriver.

To Enable
After component replacement, to reengage the the automatic adjuster  complete the sequence below:

1. Lower the park brake lever.

2. Raise the park brake lever.

3. Lift the park brake lever boot to gain access to the multiplier lever at the front of the park brake lever assembly.

4. Pivot the lever up and down 3 times.

5. Cycle the park brake lever up and down three times for auto adjustment.

6. Lower the park brake lever boot.

ABS
The ABS system is a four-channel system with dynamic rear proportioning. The Achilles heal of this system is the wiring harnesses for the front wheel speed sensors. In Rust Belt states, salt and water can penetrate the harnesses causing wheel speed sensor codes to be set. Always test the harness for resistance and voltage drop from the EBCM to the  wheel before you condemn a hub unit.

Some vehicles have had issues with the grounding of the Electronic Brake Control Module’s (EBCM) grounds. TSB 04-05-25-002E outlines this problem and the recommended repair.

If you have a customer come in with a C0196 code set and Stablitrak light illuminated, the problem could be the programming on the EBCM and how it interfaces with the yaw sensor. GM has issued new software update that can correct this problem.

Bleeding
Bleeding can be performed with a number of methods. If the modulator is replaced, you will need a scan tool to cycle the pump. It is also a good idea to do this if the master cylinder is replaced. Always start at the right rear.

Take your time with any bleeding procedure. The first wheel may require up to a full pint of fluid to get all the air bubbles out of the system.

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Andrew Markel

Andrew Markel is an ASE Certified Technician and former service writer, and he brings this practical knowledge to the Brake & Front End team as editor.
  • sam

    is there an easy way to get the break pads on the clips

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