AfterMarketNews AfterMarketNews Auto Care Pro AutoCareCareerHub Brake&Frontend BodyShopBusiness Counterman EngineBuilder Fleet Equipment ImportCar Motorcycle & Powersports News Servicio Automotriz Shop Owner Tire Review Tech Shop Tomorrow's Tech Underhood Service Speedville

No More Free Tire ­Rotations!

Tire rotation is a cornerstone of vehicle preventive maintenance and tire longevity. It is a well-proven fact that tire tread life can be greatly enhanced by regular and timely tire rotation. During rotation, each tire and wheel is ­removed from...

Read more...

ASE G1: How To Measure Cold Cranking Amps, Reserve Capacity

The ASE G1 test contains 55 scored, job-related questions, 15% of which will concern electrical maintenance and repairs. From the ASE G1 study guide, you will need to know how to: • Perform battery tests (load and capacitance); ­determine needed...

Read more...

ASE A5: Brake Fluid And Bleeding Sequence

The ASE A5 Test includes a portion on brake fluid, bleeding, flushing and leak testing. You must know how to: • Diagnose poor stopping, pulling, dragging, or incorrect pedal travel caused by problems in the brake fluid; determine needed repairs. •...

Read more...

When Timing Is Everything: A Look At The 2.5L, 2.0L Powerplants

Last month, we looked at the timing chain setup on the Audi 3.2L engine and saw how a lack of oil changes can adversely affect the tensioners and cause engine failure. We’ve also seen similar issues with the timing chain setups on the 2.5L 5-cylinder...

Read more...

Modern Charging Systems: Cover All The Bases During the Diagnostic Process

To quote a familiar situation: “My customer’s car is now on its third alternator in six months and my jobber store refuses to ­warranty a fourth.” In other words, the parts supplier believes that an underlying problem is causing these alternators...

Read more...

Audi Fuel System: MIL On/Multiple Low Fuel Pressure DTCs

Due to fuel intrusion into the low-pressure ­system fuel pressure sensor (G410), a false signal may be sent to the controller, resulting in a reading that is out of tolerance. Model: 2007 Audi A4 Sedan V6-3.2L Scenario: The MIL is on and one or...

Read more...

Redline Detection Seeks Nominations for 2nd Annual Redline Rock Star Performance Award

Redline Detection is encouraging anyone who works with, or knows, a talented technician to nominate him or her for the second annual Redline Rock Star Performance Award. The award recognizes a technician for their commitment to family, community and...

Read more...

Automotive Lift Institute (ALI) Elects 2015 Board

Jerome Lentz of Challenger Lifts (Louisville, Ky.) has been elected chairman of the Automotive Lift Institute (ALI) Board of Directors for 2015. Voting took place at ALI’s annual membership meeting Nov. 3 in Las Vegas. Lentz’s 2015 term will be...

Read more...

Top 5 Tools: John Forro, AST, Automotive Service Technology in Hinckley, OH

John Forro AST, Automotive Service Technology Hinckley, OH ALLDATA Information System: I use this system daily for researching labor pricing, wiring schematics, circuit descriptions, torque specs, etc. One doesn’t need to memorize all the information...

Read more...

Must-Read TPMS Technical Service Bulletins

Here’s a rundown of the top technical service bulletins related to TPMS. These TSBs should be analyzed by every technician that services TPMS. Audi TSB Number: 4413382034445/1 Models: 2010-’14 A4/S4, A5/S5 and Q5 Summary: This TSB addresses TPMS...

Read more...

Ford Reflash: Setting Up Your PC

You’ve just finished up a job on a Ford vehicle, and you’re about to try and start it up. However, it needs programmed first. You’ve decided to use a J2534 tool, but there are certain things you’ll need to consider ­before purchasing that subscription...

Read more...

Fuel Line Replacement: The Why and How

If you live in a state that doesn’t get snow, you can stop reading right now. If you live in the Snow Belt, you are about a month away from snow and ice. It’s not the adverse driving conditions that should scare you or your customers, it’s...

Read more...

Home Alignment Spec Alignment & Suspension Specs: Ford Escape 2001-2010

Print Print Email Email

The Ford Escape is one of the longest running Ford platforms with models that remained unchanged mechanically from 2000 to 2010.  While it is not the most complicated alignment, it does have some quirks that have emerged during its past 10 years of service.

Front Suspension
The front suspension of the Escape is a conventional strut design. The lower control arm and cradle is where it gets interesting. The lower control arms use a bushing setup that requires careful inspection. According to Ford, light cracking on the outer surfaces of the rear bushing is normal.

Cracks can go as deep as 10mm (3/8”) without affecting bushing function. Bushings with a separation or crack greater than 3/8" (10 mm) in depth should be replaced. front control arm bushing for the escape.The customer may hear a bang or clunk in the front suspension if there is enough separation for the arm to contact the subframe.
Many a technician has gone looking for a clunk in the front end only to find out it is not the lower control arms, but the front sub-frame mounts.

Worn control arm bushings will make noise on braking, acceleration and over bumps (especially at low speeds). Front subframe mounts will typically make noise during acceleration and braking. The cause for this noise can be worn bushings, but more than likely the subframe has shifted and the locating pins are making contact with the body.

Ford recommends loosening the subframe bolts and aligning the pins so they do not make contact with the body.
Stock sway bar links are also problematic on the Escape. cracks can go as deep as 10mm (3/8”) without affecting bushing function.The ball and socket joints on the units can wear and cause a knocking noise over bumps.

Rear Suspension

The rear three-link suspension is the same on both 2WD and AWD models and can stand up to some abuse. The rear subframe can shift over time and cause the locating pins to make contact with the body. They may cause a groan or creak to come from the rear suspension at low speeds. The cure is to loosen the bolts holding the subframe to the vehicle and reposition the pins.

If any of the rear suspension links are replaced, it is recommended that the bolts holding the links are torqued while the vehicle is resting on its wheels.

Front Camber and Caster
Ford has a limited amount of adjustment built into the upper strut mounts. The upper strut mount has three different positions that can change the camber and caster by ±.39º from the baseline.

If just a camber correction is necessary, it is easier to replace the upper strut-to-knuckle mounting bolts with cam bolts. These bolts can change camber by ±1.75º without altering the caster.

Rear Toe and Camber
The toe is adjustable by cam bolts at the front of the trailing links. Do not remove the rear knuckle cam nut and wheel knuckle bolts. If removed, clean the serrations in the bushing sleeve with a wire brush and install a new wheel knuckle bolt and cam nut. If the area is severely corroded, it might be necessary to clean the area around the plate to ensure proper clamping loads.

If the rear camber is out of specification, there are aftermarket adjustable upper links that can change the camber by ±2º. But, first check ride height before proceeding.

Steering Wheel Position Sensor Calibration
If a toe adjustment or steering component is replaced on 2008 and newer Escapes, the steering position sensor must be calibrated. A scan tool is required.

Hunter’s CodeLink tool which is programmed to address Ford’s requirements relative to the VSC and electric steering reset process. Hunter has simplified the process with a seamless transition from the final front toe adjustment to the required reset of the components associated with the recalibration of the steering position sensor.

Here is the procedure from the Ford’s workshop manual:

1. Place the vehicle on a flat, level surface with the transmission in PARK.

2. Place the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position and remove hands from the wheel.

3. Connect the scan tool to the vehicle.

4. Turn the ignition key to the RUN position.

5. Using the scan tool, select the steering position sensor calibration and follow the scan tool instructions.

6. Clear any power steering control module DTCs.

7. NOTE: After turning the ignition key to the OFF position, wait at least 25 seconds before carrying out any procedures that require the battery to be disconnected or module memory loss may occur.
Turn the ignition key to the OFF position.

8. Road test the vehicle. If the steering wheel is not in the straight ahead position while driving on a flat road surface, check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

TPMS

TPMS was standard for the 2007 model year and options for 2005 and 2006 Escape Models. 2007-2009 models have banded sensors, while most 2010-2011 models have sensors mounted behind the valve stem.
If the vehicle has been stationary for more than 30 minutes, the sensors will go into a “sleep mode” to conserve battery power. It will be necessary to wake them up so they will transmit the latest tire pressure information to the Smart Junction Box (SJB).

Activation
1. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
2. Position the TPMS tool against the LF tire sidewall, accross from the sensor. The TPMS tool must remain in place 180 degrees from the valve stem for 2007-2009 models with banded sensors and directly below the valve stem on the sidewall for 2010-2011 models with the valve stem mounted TPMS sensors.
3. NOTE: The TPMS tool will provide feedback in the form of a flashing green light and a beep for each successful response from a  sensor. Press the test button on the TPMS tool to activate the sensor. Activate the sensor at least two times.
4. Repeat Steps 2 and 3 for the remaining tires.

Relearn

1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position. Then, press and release the brake pedal.

2. Cycle the ignition switch from the OFF position to the RUN position three times, ending in the RUN position.

3. Press and release the brake pedal.

4. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.

5. Turn the ignition switch from the OFF position to the RUN position three times, ending in the RUN position.
The horn will sound once and the indicator will flash if the training mode has been entered successfully. If equipped, the message center will display “TRAIN LF TIRE.”

6. It may take up to six seconds to activate a tire pressure sensor.
Press and release the test button on the TPMS tool. The horn will sound briefly to indicate that the tire pressure sensor has been recognized by the vehicle.

7. Within two minutes of the horn sounding, place the TPMS tool on the correct position for the sensor and release the test button to train the right front tire pressure sensor.

8. Do not wait more than two minutes between training each sensor or the Smart Junction Box (SJB) will time out. Repeat Step 7 for the right rear and then left rear.

The procedure is completed after the last tire has been trained. When the training procedure is complete, the message center (if equipped) will display “TIRE TRAINING COMPLETE.”

For vehicles not equipped with a message center, successful completion of the training procedure will be verified by turning the ignition switch to the OFF position without the horn sounding. If the horn sounds twice when the switch is turned to the OFF position, the training procedure was not successful. 

The following two tabs change content below.

Andrew Markel

Andrew Markel is an ASE Certified Technician and former service writer, and he brings this practical knowledge to the Brake & Front End team as editor.

Latest posts by Andrew Markel (see all)

Latest articles from our other sites:

Hannay Reels N500 Series Provides Efficient Handling

Hannay Reels N500 Series high-pressure, low-maintenance spring rewind reel is designed for efficient hose handling in applications such as hydraulics, air/water, and chassis grease for all machine and...More

Beacon Offers Portable Electric Work Heater

The Beacon BPES series of electric portable work heaters are designed to be a safer alternative to heaters that operate off of propane or kerosene. There is no flame or odor emitted by the unit, though...More

When Timing Is Everything: A Look At The 2.5L, 2.0L Powerplants

Last month, we looked at the timing chain setup on the Audi 3.2L engine and saw how a lack of oil changes can adversely affect the tensioners and cause engine failure. We’ve also seen similar issues...More

Modern Charging Systems: Cover All The Bases During the Diagnostic Process

To quote a familiar situation: “My customer’s car is now on its third alternator in six months and my jobber store refuses to ­warranty a fourth.” In other words, the parts supplier believes...More

Hannay Reels N500 Series Provides Efficient Handling

Hannay Reels N500 Series high-pressure, low-maintenance spring rewind reel is designed for efficient hose handling in applications such as hydraulics, air/water, and chassis grease for all machine and...More

Beacon Offers Portable Electric Work Heater

The Beacon BPES series of electric portable work heaters are designed to be a safer alternative to heaters that operate off of propane or kerosene. There is no flame or odor emitted by the unit, though...More

Inspection TIps For Chain-Driven Water Pumps

Automakers are always trying to remove items from the accessory drive belt. This improves the efficiency of the engine and can extend the life of the belt. But where do you put the water pump? Some...More

Must-Read TPMS Technical Service Bulletins

Here’s a rundown of the top technical service bulletins related to TPMS. These TSBs should be analyzed by every technician that services TPMS. Audi TSB Number: 4413382034445/1 Models: 2010-’14 A4/S4,...More